Adderall vs. Modafinil: How Do They Compare?

Adderall and modafinil are central nervous system stimulant medicines (psychostimulants). Each of those medication have related properties and similar applications. Both medication are listed as controlled substances by the United States Drug Enforcement Administration.


Adderall is the brand name of a combined form of two drugs: amphetamine and dextroamphetamine. This combination of medication has been approved by the Meals and Drug Administration (FDA) for the therapy of attention deficit hyperactivity dysfunction (ADHD) and the sleep disorder narcolepsy (a dysfunction the place a person might expertise sleep attacks throughout the day and during activities comparable to driving). Each of the main ingredients in Adderall are central nervous system stimulant medications.

Adderall is available in a right away-launch form (Adderall IR) and an prolonged-launch form (Adderall XR). The speedy-launch form of the drug lasts for about 4–6 hours; the extended-launch form typically lasts for about 12 hours.

Adderall is assessed as a Schedule II controlled substance. It’s due to this fact considered to have a significant risk for abuse and the development of physical dependence.


Modafinil, better known by the model name Provigil, can be a central nervous stimulant drug. Modafinil is often referred to as an eugeroic medicine, which is a drugs that promotes alertness and wakefulness. Modafinil is approved by the FDA to deal with daytime sleepiness in individuals who have several different conditions, including:


Shift work disorder, a formal disorder that includes a disruption of normal sleeping hours when one is working nights

Sleepiness that occurs in different medical conditions like obstructive sleep apnea

Modafinil is also a managed substance but labeled at a much lower level of management/severity than Adderall. Modafinil is classified as a Schedule IV controlled substance. The difference in the formal classification of Adderall and modafinil signifies that the general general research and the opinion of the federal authorities is that Adderall is a significantly more dangerous drug of abuse than modafinil.

All stimulant medication share similar mechanisms of action. Because of this, even when prescription stimulants that are considered to be relatively mild like modafinil are compared to stimulants which have a significant potential for abuse (e.g., cocaine), the findings indicate that there is a similar mechanism of motion these drugs. Some sources will attempt to capitalize on this discovering and state that comparable mechanisms of motion point out comparable potentials for abuse; nevertheless, this will not be always true.

Adderall is believed to exert its effects by both blocking the reuptake of the excitatory neurotransmitters dopamine and norepinephrine, and by truly rising the intracellular focus of these neurotransmitters by releasing them from storage units in neurons. Modafinil is also believed to affect a number of completely different neurotransmitters, together with excitatory neurotransmitters like dopamine and glutamate (increasing their availability) and decreasing the availability of inhibitory neurotransmitters like gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA).

Though the medication have approved makes use of, the prescription of those drugs is usually made in accordance with makes use of that they are not formally approved to address. This is true for many completely different types of medications.

Off-label uses for Adderall are designed to take advantage of it stimulant effects. Adderall may be used for weight management, to extend alertness, and to address issues with obesity.

Modafinil can also be prescribed to address conditions that its stimulant effects could deal with, including treating fatigue and lethargy in individuals with numerous neurological disorders equivalent to multiple sclerosis or Parkinson’s illness, in cancer patients, and even the fatigue that happens in patients with clinical depression.

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