Evolution of Urdu Language

To understand the particular language we have to understand what exactly language means. For a layman I would call language a medium to speak with people. Comprehensively language is not just the exchange of words moderately it is communication of emotions, expressions, and beliefs. This is likely to be in form of words, symbols, signs, signals, compositions of music notes and even obscure or clear sounds.

History of languages

History of language starts from the beginning of evolution of mankind. In different instances the modes of communication among the mankind has been different. Starting from the thought process to the molding words to precise refers to language. It includes the words that are unsaid and expressed by actions. Therefore history of languages might be studied intimately by the research of nations and tribes. There was a robust impact of languages on the cultural habits of nations all over the world. Languages have evolved ever since the first sign of life on earth. About 200000 years ago totally different modes of communication have been transformed in vocalization or speech. Later about 30000 years ago mankind developed symbols. This further revolutionized into writing about 7000 years ago.

Evolution of languages

“It is completely safe to attribute this development [of innate language structures] to “natural choice”, so long as we realize that there is no substance to this assertion, that it quantities to nothing more than a perception that there’s some naturalistic explanation for these phenomena.” [Noam Chomsky, Language and Mind, 1972, p. 97]

We can not hint back in time that a sure language was abruptly adapted or created. Languages had been formed and altered gradually. Languages have rapidly changed as well. The greatest reason of change in language is because of socialization and intersection. Strongly interactive cultures show rapid changes. The cultures which are isolated in a tribe or in a geographical space show a slow change in language. If there is a lack of interplay there’s a lack of adaptation of values and behaviors from other cultures.

Language and culture

If man wouldn’t have been interacting withother civilizations and tradition there would haven’t any development of language. Language isn’t the invention of isolation; rather it is the creation of socialization. For each developing, developed or grown culture there was an evolution likely.

Urdu language

The story of Urdu starts from the times of Mughals. The armies of the Mughals belonged to totally different ethnic backgrounds having completely different dialects. Their languages evolved into a molded form of a new language which we call Urdu within the current time. Urdu is a derivative of a number of languages which had been spoken by the military of the Mughals. These soldiers were:

Turkish

Arabs

Pathans

Balochi

Afghans

Persians

Rajputs

Jats

The word Urdu is derived from a Turkish word which means army. This is the reason we call Urdu the language of military or lashkari zuban.

Evolution of Urdu Language

The society in which a language is spoken decides its evolution, development and recognition. Evolution within the language Urdu has resulted as a result of interplay of different dialects, invasions and conquests. Urdu was evolved in the following phases:

• The indo- Aryan household language consists of Urdu as well. The historic background of this rich language originates from Saur Senic Prakrit. Sanskrit was developed to form Saur Senic Prakrit. Later Saur Senic Prakrit was influenced by a number of Hindi dialects.

• Then comes the evolutionary phase, this was affected by the literature of Insha. Then it started to take the form an image of a new language that we call Urdu today. This was the time when Urdu and Hindi was differentiated. The cultural impact was that the Muslims in the subcontinent either spoke Urdu or Farsi and the Hindus spoke Hindi (Khari Boli and Devanagari). There was a clear distinction within the two languages as Urdu had sure words of Arabic and Persian in it which Sanskrit did not have.

• After the invasion of the Muslims in the subcontinent Persian was made the official language of the subcontinent. Later Urdu grew to become the official language of the states dominated by Mughals. This laid a strong impact on the tradition of India and further revolutionized the language to present a new form.

Urdu started to evolve after 1193 AD.

• Invaders of the subcontinent effected Urdu language. These were Arabs, Persian and Turks. Urdu has Persian words in it.

• Later the British rule within the subcontinent words of English also grew to become a part of it. This change was not that obvious as a result of clash with their rule.

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