The aim of Anglish is: English with many fewer words borrowed from other tongues. Because of the fundamental adjustments to our language, to say that English folks in the present day speak Modern English is like saying that the French speak Latin. The fact is that we now speak a world language. The Anglish project is meant as a means of recovering the Englishness of English and of restoring ownership of the language to the English people.
The goal of the Anglish project differs from individual to individual, however mostly it is to explore and experiment with the English language. This exploration is driven for some by aesthetics, for the ethnic English by cultural needs, and yet for others it is solely an fascinating diversion or pastime. Language plays a big function in our lives, so to be able to play with that language, and shape it to our own wants or needs is very important. For this reason, writing or talking in true English is a positive end in itself, in as a lot as it provides an other outlet for this need.
But there may be also the additional concept that Anglish is a recognition and a celebration of the English part of recent English. For, although it has borrowed thousands and thousands of words throughout its life, there still exists a real English core to English, crucial everyday words which no sentence or uttering might manage without. By stripping away the layers of borrowings, Anglish lets us higher admire that core and the function it performs in our language.
One of the best way to seek out out the place a word comes from is to look it up in a dictionary. Most decent desktop dictionaries will embody short etymologies for a lot of of their entries, which give a little knowledge of where the word arose from, and the way it was used or written within the past. Some on-line dictionaries have this knowledge as well, such as the Oxford English Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Dictionary.com and Wiktionary. There are also dictionaries dedicated to word etymologies, which are a goldmine for knowledge about English words. The Online Etymology Dictionary is probably one of the best available online.
But these will only inform from the place and when a word came into English, however not whether or not it needs to be thought ‘borrowed’. Some immensely old and really fundamental words, comparable to ‘cup’ and ‘mill’, are indeed borrowed from Latin, yet nobody would say these words aren’t English. Conversely, words like ‘thaumaturgy’ and ‘intelligentsia’ are clearly not of English origin, and have been borrowed relatively lately.
Where to draw the road between English and ‘borrowed’ is but an different space of personal choosing, and there are lots of views on this amongst Anglish proponents. A very broad rule says that anything borrowed from French, Latin and Greek in the last eight hundred years needs to be thought borrowed. A more discerning view would say that any word which was introduced into English to fill a genuine need or hole in vocabulary should be kept, however those words borrowed to “adorn” or “enrich” the language but in reality push out present words, ought to be weeded.
Are there really that many borrowed words in English?
Yes. English is renowned for having borrowed so many words from different languages during the last thousand years. The core of English is Germanic, however only about 25% of the words in English right now derive from such a root, and that features these of Norse, Dutch, German and others, as well as English. Which will sound like many, one in each 4 words, but not so much when one thinks that Latin and French each account for 29% of the English vocabulary. Greek yields an different 6% of words, with the final 10% being from different languages, derived from personal names, or simply unknown.
However, as talked about earlier, the core of the English language still largely consists of English words, which makes an undertaking like Anglish possible.
When a word is taken out from English, where do replacement words come from?
There are various roots for words to replace those which have been removed from English. Generally, a word which is removed will have a commonly known English synonym already present. Words like ‘quotidian’ and ‘illegal’ can easily be switched for ‘everyday’ and ‘unlawful’ without losing which means or intelligibility. When there may be not a readily available English word to be used, a new word have to be found or made. Some old or obscure words could be introduced back to life and reused; new words may be calqued from English morphemes using the old word’s pattern; other instances wholly new words, “neologisms,” will be put together from current words and affixes. None of those methods are right or flawed, however each has its stead in making a wide and diversified lexicon for Anglish, and each is used in line with the context and particular needs of a word.