What is Anglish?

The aim of Anglish is: English with many fewer words borrowed from different tongues. Because of the fundamental changes to our language, to say that English folks at present speak Trendy English is like saying that the French speak Latin. The actual fact is that we now speak a global language. The Anglish project is meant as a means of recovering the Englishness of English and of restoring ownership of the language to the English people.

The goal of the Anglish project differs from person to person, but largely it is to explore and experiment with the English language. This exploration is driven for some by aesthetics, for the ethnic English by cultural wants, and yet for others it is solely an attention-grabbing diversion or pastime. Language plays a big function in our lives, so to be able to play with that language, and shape it to our own needs or needs may be very important. For this reason, writing or talking in true English is a positive end in itself, in as a lot as it provides an different outlet for this need.

However there may be additionally the further idea that Anglish is a recognition and a celebration of the English part of recent English. For, though it has borrowed hundreds and thousands of words all through its life, there still exists a true English core to English, a very powerful everyday words which no sentence or uttering may handle without. By stripping away the layers of borrowings, Anglish lets us higher recognize that core and the position it performs in our language.

The best way to seek out out the place a word comes from is to look it up in a dictionary. Most decent desktop dictionaries will embody short etymologies for a lot of of their entries, which give a little knowledge of the place the word arose from, and the way it was used or written in the past. Some on-line dictionaries have this knowledge as well, such because the Oxford English Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Dictionary.com and Wiktionary. There are also dictionaries dedicated to word etymologies, which are a goldmine for knowledge about English words. The On-line Etymology Dictionary is maybe the perfect available online.

But these will only tell from the place and when a word got here into English, but not whether or not it should be thought ‘borrowed’. Some immensely old and really fundamental words, akin to ‘cup’ and ‘mill’, are certainly borrowed from Latin, yet nobody would say these words usually are not English. Conversely, words like ‘thaumaturgy’ and ‘intelligentsia’ are clearly not of English origin, and have been borrowed comparatively lately.

Where to draw the line between English and ‘borrowed’ is but an other area of personal selecting, and there are numerous views on this among Anglish proponents. A very broad rule says that anything borrowed from French, Latin and Greek within the final eight hundred years should be thought borrowed. A more discerning view would say that any word which was brought into English to fill a real need or hole in vocabulary ought to be kept, but these words borrowed to “adorn” or “enrich” the language but in reality push out existing words, ought to be weeded.

Are there really that many borrowed words in English?

Yes. English is renowned for having borrowed so many words from different languages over the last thousand years. The core of English is Germanic, but only about 25% of the words in English as we speak derive from such a root, and that includes those of Norse, Dutch, German and others, as well as English. That may sound like many, one in each 4 words, but not a lot when one thinks that Latin and French every account for 29% of the English vocabulary. Greek yields an different 6% of words, with the last 10% being from different languages, derived from personal names, or simply unknown.

Nevertheless, as talked about earlier, the core of the English language still principally consists of English words, which makes an undertaking like Anglish possible.

When a word is taken out from English, the place do replacement words come from?

There are numerous roots for words to interchange those which have been removed from English. Sometimes, a word which is removed will have a commonly known English synonym already present. Words like ‘quotidian’ and ‘illegal’ can easily be switched for ‘on a regular basis’ and ‘unlawful’ without losing that means or intelligibility. When there’s not a readily available English word to be used, a new word should be found or made. Some old or obscure words will be brought back to life and reused; new words might be calqued from English morphemes using the old word’s sample; different instances wholly new words, “neologisms,” could be put collectively from current words and affixes. None of these strategies are proper or mistaken, however each has its stead in making a wide and varied lexicon for Anglish, and each is used in keeping with the context and particular needs of a word.

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